The CMR Convention (Convention relative au contract de transport international de Merchandises par Route) governs the procedures that should be followed during international transport and replaces any other relevant law of the Member States that have signed the treaty. The CMR convention aspires to create a common legislation in order to solve the differences between the legal systems of the Member States. Thanks to the CMR, there is a uniform legislation across countries to help solve differences in international road transport.
The bill of lading derived from the CMR Convention has been accepted by almost the entire European transport community. There are multiple laws governing the road freight transport in the Member States of the European Union and it is believed that it can be simplified only if the legal framework of the CMR Convention is applied not only to international carriage but also to intra-Community car transports. The CMR convention covers only a form of combined transport so far. If the vehicle and/ or the towing truck are transported by ferry or on a train platform for a certain distance then the Convention applies as long as the goods are not unloaded from the vehicle where they were originally loaded. The CMR convention protects the consignee’s rights in case of circumstances which prevent the proper delivery, the sale of the goods by the carrier, the gaps between definitions etc. In particular, upon the arrival of goods at the place of delivery, the consignee has the right to require from the carrier to deliver the consignment, in return for proof and the second copy of the bill of lading.
If the loss of the goods has been determined or the goods have not arrived after the end of the period, the consignee shall have the right to require the delivery of the consignment from the carrier, in return for proof and the second copy of the bill of lading.
If the loss of the goods has been determined or the goods have not arrived after the end of the period, the consignee shall be able to claim demands from the carrier relating to their rights as they derive from the convention.